Monkeys Chained, Abused for Coconut Milk: A PETA Asia Investigation

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Update: June 17, 2021
Grocery giant Kroger has suspended its purchases of Chaokoh coconut milk following PETA’s campaign and investigations into forced monkey labor.

Update: May 11, 2021
Raley’s supermarkets have joined Albertsons and Target in dropping Chaokoh after hearing from PETA about monkey labor in its supply chain.

Were monkeys forced to pick your coconuts?

Many kind people choose coconut milk instead of cow's milk because they don't want to support cruelty to animals. But a disturbing PETA Asia investigation reveals that terrified young monkeys in Thailand are kept chained, abusively trained, and forced to climb trees to pick coconuts that are used to make coconut milk, meat, flour, oil, and other products.

Chained and Driven Insane
In 2019, PETA Asia investigators visited eight farms where monkeys are forced to pick coconuts—including those for one of Thailand's major coconut milk producers, Chaokoh—as well as several monkey-training facilities and a coconut-picking competition. At each one, they documented that these sensitive animals were abused and exploited. Since being alerted to this situation nearly a year ago, Chaokoh and the Thai government have failed to take meaningful action to end the use of forced monkey labor and instead are using a misleading and inadequate audit system to lie to companies and consumers about the extent of forced monkey labor in their coconut supply chain.

After hearing from PETA, Walgreens Boots Alliance has committed to not stocking Chaokoh and not knowingly selling any own-brand coconut food and drink products of Thai origin in their 9,027 Walgreens and 250 Duane Reade stores in the U.S. and 2,758 Boots stores in the U.K. and Thailand. In the U.K., Morrisons has also suspended its supply of Chaokoh products pending an investigation; Sainsbury's, Asda, and Tesco have stopped selling Chaokoh; and Ocado, Waitrose, and Co-op have committed to never knowingly stocking any products from suppliers that use monkey labor. The German supermarket tegut has also stopped selling Chaokoh.

photo of a monkey chained to a tree

Following PETA Asia's investigation, more than 28,000 stores will no longer purchase these brands' products, and the majority will no longer buy any coconut products derived from Thailand monkey labor.

Reportedly, many monkeys are illegally abducted from their families and homes when they're just babies. They're fitted with rigid metal collars and kept chained or tethered for extended periods.

Denied the freedom to move around, socialize with others, or do anything else that's important to them, these intelligent animals slowly lose their minds. Driven to desperation, they pace and circle endlessly on the barren, trash-strewn patches of dirt where they're chained.

Cruelly Trained, Teeth Pulled Out
The terrified young monkeys are forced to perform frustrating and difficult tasks, such as twisting heavy coconuts until they fall off the trees from a great height. An investigator learned that if monkeys try to defend themselves, their canine teeth may be pulled.

To earn more money off these animals, some trainers also force them to participate in circus-style shows in which they entertain paying visitors by riding bicycles, shooting basketballs, and performing other confusing and demeaning tricks.

An investigator saw monkeys being transported in cramped cages that were barely large enough for them to turn around in and others left in locked cages in the back of a pickup truck with no shelter from the driving rain. One monkey was seen frantically shaking the cage bars in a vain attempt to escape.

Tethered by the neck with a metal collar, the monkeys are forced to climb up and down trees and pick coconuts all day.

photo of monkeys in cages on the back of a pickup truck

No Tropical Paradise
A PETA Asia investigator was told by a worker at one farm that it supplied coconuts to Chaokoh, which is sold in major stores across the U.S. If you purchase Chaokoh or coconut milk, oil, meat, or flour products from Thailand, you may inadvertently be supporting this cruelty.

photo of handler with chained monkey

Other coconut-growing regions—including Brazil, Colombia, and Hawaii—harvest coconuts using humane methods such as tractor-mounted hydraulic elevators, willing human tree-climbers, rope or platform systems, or ladders, or they plant dwarf coconut trees. Studies have shown that these methods are superior to using monkeys, who can't distinguish between ripe and unripe fruit, and the ripe coconuts get bruised when the monkeys drop them to the ground.

Coconut water typically comes from coconuts grown on dwarf trees, including the Nam Hom variety, so harvesting them doesn't require monkey labor. But that doesn't necessarily mean that monkeys won't be used. PETA has confirmed, however, that Harmless Harvest is among the companies that don't use monkey labor for coconut water.

PETA maintains a list of brands that don't use monkey labor and invites Thailand-based coconut companies to provide evidence that they don't use forced monkey labor.

photo of sad monkey chained outside

Take Action
Please, make sure that your coconut products don't come from any companies that exploit monkeys. Sign below to urge Chaokoh to stop supporting this cruel industry by obtaining its coconuts from companies that don't use monkeys.

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